And the reason that they wanted a new name for it...I love the quote, because it reflects that the drug does not have a euphoric experience, LSD in particular. But all the psychedelics, you can go into heaven or hell. And all of the researchers throughout this last century and this century have found that, so it reflects the nature of the drug. But it also reflects something that was really important to them, which was they didn't want to use the word "hallucinogen". Because they felt that the drugs had power to uncover things that were real, that were part of peoples' psyche, they were part of a larger, expansive universe. They connected you to the whole universe. They connected you to parts of yourself. They took you to places within yourself that were like hell.
And the person that describes this most beautifully and expressively is Stan Grof, who I mentioned earlier, and he has a number of books that are easily found. There's a free paper online too, that is highly recommended for this topic, which is The Psychology Of The Future: Lessons From Modern Consciousness Research. And he talks in depth about the history of psychology and where LSD but other drugs fit into that larger history. So the coining of the word "psychedelics" is the beginning of that. It's giving a language to something that was recognized, that these drugs can help move us forward in our spiritual and psychological growth.
So people define psychedelics, since it's not a scientific, measurable term, people define psychedelics in different ways. MAPS, because the founder is a student of Stan Grof's, we're grounded in that philosophy. One of the defining themes we use is, does it move you towards more holistic, or as Stan Grof would say, holotropic psychological state, and then you're more in tune with yourself and more in tune with the world. So that is one of the defining characteristics. Another defining characteristic that makes psychedelics unusual from other drugs is that the effect varies very much, so that from one person to another, same amount of LSD will have a very different effect. And in the same person, it has a very different effect, which is even more unusual. There's very few drugs that are like that.
So if you take the same amount of LSD in different times, the effect can be very different, and that's true with all of the psychedelics, these drugs that are in these groups. And that's where the theory that's very strong in this research comes about certain setting, that the effect of the drug is not just a chemical, but it's highly dependent on your environment around you, and your intention before you take the drug. The setting is obvious. If you're in a peaceful place, if you have someone there who's making sure that you have food and water, and then you're safe, and you have art, and you have music, and you have nature and things like that, people that you love, the experience of taking LSDs would be very, very different than if the same person went and took it in a place that was challenging, that had pollution, that had angry people around them. It's just a completely different experience.